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COUNSELING AND GUIDANCE FOR CAREER PLANNING AND DECISION MAKING - Dr Pratik Mungekar

In this lecture, we will be dealing with counselling and guidance for career planning and decision making. We start with a definition and description of counselling and guidance. Then we take up career planning and within this present the interrelationship between counselling and career planning followed by presenting the interrelationship between guidance and career planning. Then we take up decision making and within this we put forward two principles viz., declaring a decision and working on a decision. Within declaring a decision we discuss the framing of the decision, the right people and the right choice to make. Following this, we take up working on a decision within which we discuss a complete set of alternatives, values against which to make trade-offs and information that describes the value of each alternative.




If you prefer to watch the video, just click on this link


https://youtu.be/zNpSs-BrIeY


Article Courtesy:


Prof.Dr.Pratik Rajan Mungekar


(Scientist, Professor, Counsellor, Global Educator, Published Author & an International Speaker).



´Counselling is a process that focuses on enhancing the psychological well being of the client, such that the client is then able to reach their full potential. This is achieved by the counsellor facilitating your personal growth, development, and self-understanding, which in turn empowers you to adopt more constructive life practices.


´The purpose of the guidance is to provide ‘learning experiences to enable clients to acquire knowledge, skills and competencies related to making personal, educational and career decisions’

´Guidance includes, but is not limited to, educational guidance and counselling services staffed by trained professionals.


´Career planning is a lifelong process, which includes choosing an occupation, getting a job, growing in our job, possibly changing careers, and eventually retiring. We will focus on career choice and the process one goes through in selecting an occupation. This may happen once in our lifetimes, but it is more likely to happen several times as we first define and then redefine ourselves and our goals.


´Career development and the career planning process include several specific steps that help to identify personal skills and attributes. Finding out how those skills can be utilised in the job market is accomplished by researching several career fields that are of interest to you and then by gaining experience in those fields and/or speaking to people currently working in the field.


´Career counsellors provide mainly career counselling outside the school setting. Their chief focus is helping individuals with career decisions. Vocational counsellors explore and evaluate the client’s education, training, work history, interests, skills, and personality traits. They may arrange for aptitude and achievement tests to help the client make career decisions. They also work with individuals to develop their job search skills and assist clients in locating and applying for jobs. In addition, career counsellors provide support to people experiencing job loss, job stress, or other career transition issues.


´Career guidance refers to services and activities intended to assist individuals of any age and at any point throughout their lives, to make educational, training and occupational choices and to manage their careers. Such services may be found in schools, universities and colleges, in training institutions, in public employment services, in the workplace, in the voluntary or community sector and the private sector. The activities may take place on an individual or group basis and maybe face to face or at a distance.


´A decision is a choice between two or more alternatives. If you only have one alternative, you do not have a decision.


´Decision making can be regarded as the mental processes (cognitive process) resulting in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios. Every decision-making process produces a final choice. The output can be an action or an opinion of choice.


´Career guidance refers to services and activities intended to assist individuals of any age and at any point throughout their lives, to make educational, training and occupational choices and to manage their careers. Such services may be found in schools, universities and colleges, in training institutions, in public employment services, in the workplace, in the voluntary or community sector and the private sector. The activities may take place on an individual or group basis and maybe face to face or at a distance.


´A decision is a choice between two or more alternatives. If you only have one alternative, you do not have a decision.


´Decision making can be regarded as the mental processes (cognitive process) resulting in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios. Every decision-making process produces a final choice. The output can be an action or an opinion of choice.


Counselling


´Counselling is a process that focuses on enhancing the psychological well-being of the client, such that the client is then able to reach their full potential. This is achieved by the counsellor facilitating your personal growth, development, and self-understanding, which in turn empowers you to adopt more constructive life practices.


´In simple terms, counselling involves one person (the counsellor) helping another person (the client) to work through some difficult or painful emotional, behavioural or relationship problem or difficulty. That is the form of individual counselling.


´Counselling may be helpful in several ways. It can enable you to develop a clearer understanding of your concerns and help you acquire new skills to better manage personal and educational issues. The counsellor can offer a different perspective and help you think of creative solutions to problems. Sharing your thoughts and feelings with someone not personally involved in your life can be most helpful.


´The counsellor treats all the information shared by the client as confidential material. The counsellors are involved in case consultations and supervision for best practice. These meetings involve discussion of clients' concerns to formulate the best possible assessment and intervention plan.


Where possible, the identifying personal information is removed from the discussion.

´Counselling takes place in a confidential meeting, in a quiet room, and is subject to a code of ethics which specifies what the counsellor can and cannot morally do in that context.


Confidentiality


´The counsellor treats all the information shared by the client as confidential material. The counsellors are involved in case consultations and supervision for best practice. These meetings involve discussion of clients' concerns to formulate the best possible assessment and intervention plan.


Where possible, the identifying personal information is removed from the discussion.

´Counselling takes place in a confidential meeting, in a quiet room, and is subject to a code of ethics which specifies what the counsellor can and cannot morally do in that context.


Restrictions on the Release of Information



´Information that the client shares with the counsellor will not be released to anyone outside without their prior written permission, except under certain unusual and rare circumstances where the well being of the client matters. The client is free to discuss any concerns regarding confidentiality with the counsellor.


The Counselling Process


´The counselling process depends upon the individual counsellor, the individual client and the specific issue. However, there is a general counselling process that the counsellors will follow:

´Background information collection

´Identification of core issues

´Case formulation

´Goal setting for the therapeutic process

´Implementation of the intervention

´Evaluation of intervention

´Closure

´No further counselling is required at this time if during the initial interview you have been able to clarify your concerns and plan an appropriate course of action.

´Further appointments are needed to continue to explore the issues before reaching a decision. A second appointment will be made with the client by the counsellor.


Differing Counselling Approaches


´Alternative services are appropriate and the counsellor will assist the client to identify specific resources to consider and pursue.


´Counsellors work from differing theoretical approaches. Different counsellors will place varying levels of emphasis on behaviour, thinking and/or emotional aspects. All counsellors have the central goal to assist the client in increasing their sense of well-being.


Length of Counseling


Change does not happen quickly for most of us. The length of treatment depends on several variables. Variables include the severity of the problem, the motivation of the client, the type of problem and the age of the client. The more focused and limited the problem being addressed, the shorter treatment can be. The more the treatment addresses healing emotional injuries, the longer it is likely to take


Guidance


´The purpose of the guidance is to provide ‘learning experiences to enable clients to acquire knowledge, skills and competencies related to making personal, educational and career decisions’


´Guidance includes, but is not limited to, educational guidance and counselling services staffed by trained professionals. It can also include:


  • ´Human resource development (HRD) work

  • ´Assessment processes and appraisals by managers

  • ´Advice and guidance from managers

  • ´Advice and guidance from shop stewards or other trade union representatives

  • ´Guidance which is a part of educational or training courses, both in-service and provided externally

  • ´Peer guidance and counselling, carried out by fellow employees etc.

  • ´Mentoring by appointing a more experienced person who can listen, advise

  • ´and give feedback when the mentee asks for this

  • ´Self-assessment methods (paper or electronic)

  • ´Information resources such as careers libraries

  • ´Telephone helplines.

The activities of guidance that can be carried out or organised by employers include:


  • ´Giving information on learning opportunities;

  • ´Advising on the choice of learning opportunities;

  • ´Assessing the educational and training needs of individual employees;

  • ´Counselling to examine barriers to learning and ways to overcome these;

  • ´Careers education in the sense of suitable courses to help employees progress within the firm;

  • ´Referral to other agencies, including professional guidance services;

  • ´Feedback to learning providers on courses needed and the suitability of those

  • ´already on offer;

  • ´Follow-up to find out what decisions were taken and what progress was made by individual employees.

CAREER PLANNING


´Career planning is a lifelong process, which includes choosing an occupation, getting a job, growing in our job, possibly changing careers, and eventually retiring. We will focus on career choice and the process one goes through in selecting an occupation.


This may happen once in our lifetimes, but it is more likely to happen several times as we first define and then redefine ourselves and our goals.



´Career development and the career planning process include several specific steps that help to identify personal skills and attributes. Finding out how those skills can be utilised in the job market is accomplished by researching several career fields that are of interest to you and then by gaining experience in those fields and/or speaking to people currently working in the field.


´The career planning process is comprised of four steps. Whether or not you choose to work with a professional, or work through the process on your own is less important than the amount of thought and energy you put into choosing a career.